Cheikh Anta Diop naît en 1923 dans un petit village du Sénégal, Caytou. The very history of the peopling of the valley refutes such a possibility.”. 1959 : à Rome, il participe au second Congrès des Écrivains et Artistes noirs. However, despite controversial hypotheses and conclusions associated with his interdisciplinary methodologies, Diop produced an important and unified referential body of knowledge on Egypto-centrism. Birago Diop (11 December – 25 November ) was a Senegalese poet . 1991). But based on his research on the Nile Valley region and West Africa, he concluded that the ancient Egyptians were bioculturally black. Encyclopedia.com. Indeed, the debate continues, and the work and theories of Diop, whether universally accepted, bring the question of Egypt’s cultural legacy—and with it, Africa’s—to the fore. He indeed considered the laboratory, in the South of the Sahara, as the core of a future great African Center devoted to weak radioactivities, in order to deal with various methods of dating. He grew up in Senegal when France was consolidating its colonial rule in Africa, and he lived through the consequences of increasing neocolonialism, economic reforms, and militarization in Africa. He received, with William Eduar Burghardt du Bois, the African-American academic and founding member of The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Award of the 1st World Festival of Negro Arts in 1966, rewarding the writer who had exercised the greatest influence in Negro thought in the XXth century. "Cheikh Anta Diop There are disagreements among scholars about how specifically Diop’s thought has inspired generations of African Americans, both academics and community leaders, and their institutions. The great fictional chronicler of South African life in the apartheid era is Es’kia Mphahlele, whose career…, Cheetham, Nicholas (John Alexander) 1910-2002, Cheirological Society of Great Britain (Dukes), https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/diop-cheikh-anta-1923-1986, https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/applied-and-social-sciences-magazines/diop-cheikh-anta, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cheikh-anta-diop, Communication of Ideas: Africa and its Influence. Peu de chercheurs scientifiques noirs jouissent d���une popularité comparable à celle du Sénégalais Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986). Diop also challenged the prevailing view that the flow of cultural influence was from the north, the European or "Hamitic" areas, southward to the more primitive areas. Biographie et carrière professionnelle . In 1981 Abdou Diouf, president of Senegal from 1981 to 2000, appointed Diop professor in the department of history. Writer With these three publications, Cheikh Anta DIOP founded the scientific history of the African continent and inaugurated, at the same time, a school of African history. Much of anthropology is theoretical in nature, and its community of scholars are often not in complete agreement, even on the meaning of what appears to be tangible evidence. Il repose, selon sa volonté, à Thieytou, auprès de son grand-père (le Vieux) Massamba Sassoum Diop, fondateur du village. Many disciplines can benefit from the existence of such a laboratory: Archeology, Prehistory, History, Geology, Climatology, etc. ." Ces réponses s���avèrent mais demeurent insuffisantes pour connaître la biographie et même la biographie de Cheikh Anta Diop. ." Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cheikh-anta-diop. ." This was a testimony of gratitude to the first, as the eminent scientific personality who created and managed IFAN (until 1965) and to the second, as one of the pioneers of “Carbone 14” in France, and who trained him in C14 dating. . An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. However, with the rise of neo-integrationism in the United States and its tendency, with the support of opportunistic black scholars, to weaken “ethnicity” or “race,” Diop’s quest for Negroism has been marginalized and even trivialized in some institutions. Diop left Senegal for France in 1946. Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 dans le village de Caytou situé dans la région de Diourbel (en pays Baol-Cayor), près de la ville de Bambey à environ 150 km de Dakar, au Sénégal. Cheikh Anta DIOP also continued the research activities he had already undertaken in various fields: Prehistory (the origins of man and his migrations), Egyptology, African historic linguistics, the evolution of societies, the contribution of Africa to civilization. The impetus behind Diop’s lifelong goal of unmasking an indigenous, united black African culture can be traced to the cultural legacy of his birthplace. A few years later, in 1974, he published "Physique nucléaire et chronologie absolue", which describes the various dating methods of archeological and geological samples, in particular by radiocarbon, implemented in the Laboratory of Dakar. Cheikh Anta DiopRather than enjoying a good book as soon as a cup of coffee in the afternoon, instead they juggled later some harmful virus inside their computer. His generalizations about African languages and their connection to ancient Egyptian languages through Wolof, a Senegalese language, were essentially deductive, imaginative, and ahistorical. “The kinship between ancient Egyptian and the languages of Africa,” Diop wrote in the General History of Africa, “is not a hypothetical but a demonstrable fact which it is impossible for modern scholarship to thrust aside.” He believed the kinship to be genealogical, and he provided examples: In ancient Egyptian “kef” means “to grasp, to take a strip (of something)”; in Wolof it means “to seize a prey.” “Feh” means “go away” in ancient Egyptian; in Wolof it means “to rush off.” To further show the correspondence between the two languages, Diop also examined verb forms, demonstratives, and phonemes. He strongly denounced the falsification of modern history as a major part of an agenda that has slowed world progress. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race���s origins and pre-colonial African cul. There are two basic models of African socialism that represent its variations and development on the continent (Rosberg and Callag…, The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community. Cheikh Anta Diop : biographie courte: Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 à Caytou (Sénégal). He pursued graduate studies in France, and elected courses in science while studying philosophy under Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962) at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he earned a degree in philosophy in 1948. Saint of our youth! In the academia, Diop’s work was consolidated with the expansion of black, Afro American, or Africana studies in the United States, where African Americans had been searching for an African cultural identity. Among Diop's books is Anteriorité des civilisations nègres: Mythe ou vérité historique (1967; Roots of Black Civilizations: Myth or Historical Truth). Cheikh Anta Diop décède le 7 février 1986. À l'âge de 23 ans, il part pour Paris afin d'étudier la physique et la chimie mais se tourne aussi vers l'histoire et les sciences sociales. He was, however, accused of being reductionist or essentialist because he insisted on a corrective scholarship. His perspectives tended to privilege social applications of science. His first major work, Nations Negres et Culture (1955) is still disturbing the white historians who have make quick reputations as authorities on African history and culture. (revised and translated in 1991 as Civilization or Barbarism ). Cheikh Anta Diop (né le 29 décembre 1923 à Thieytou - mort le 7 février 1986 à Dakar) est un historien et anthropologue sénégalais. 12 oct. politique: biographie par Alfred Largange, bibliographie détaillée, liens. Greek historian Herodotus, who toured Egypt during his travels. North American indigenous peoples: Biographies. Sa famille est d'origine artistocratique wolof. . It is most often used to…, Herskovits, Melville Jean It is unclear how the particularities of other African civilizations fit into Diop’s grand paradigm. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Diop experienced the great explosion of independence which began in early 1958 in Ghana. After koranic, followed by primary and secondary French-school studies in Senegal, Cheikh Anta DIOP will be endowed with a double higher training in Human Sciences and in Natural Sciences in Paris, France. “In fact,” Diop postulated in Civilization or Barbarism, “The Egyptian artist does not hesitate to represent the generic type of the Egyptian as a typical Black.” Diop concludes that the Egyptians held themselves as directly related to other black Africans—there was no ethnic difference. He was a member of the Socialist Party (PS) and later of the Alliance of the Forces of Progress (AFP). Back in Senegal, Diop continued his studies on culture, history, and linguistics. At the university, however, Diop met resistance; his dissertation, presented in 1954, was rejected. Chorus: Guide from thy throne of light above, Our steps in faith and hope and love, That we may tread were thou hast trod, Bravely the narrow way of God. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race���s origins and pre-colonial African cul. (December 21, 2020). “The rediscovery of the true past of the African peoples,” he declared in the General History of Africa, “should not be a divisive factor, but should contribute to uniting them, each and all, binding them together from the north to the south of the continent so as to enable them to carry out together a new historical mission for the greater good of mankind.”. After returning to Senegal, he was appointed at IFAN (French Institute of Black Africa initially, and Fundamental Institute of Black Africa a few years later), which was then managed by Theodore Monod. Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 à Thieytou, dans le département de Bambey, région de Diourbel (Sénégal). International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Furthermore, he argued (more like an ethicist than a scientist) that humanity must break definitively from racism, genocide, and slavery and that such efforts should form the ultimate mission of the world in order to build a global civilization and avoid falling into barbarism. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Sa mère, Magatte Diop, vécut jusqu'en 1984. Be the first to recommend Biographie de cheikh anta diop. Married to a white French woman (Marie-Louise) who was an important supporter of his scholarship, Diop abhorred racism. Un Film Documentaire de Biographie présenté par Cheikh MBacke Diop : CHEIKH ANTA DIOP : ... Ce film présente l���actualité et l���importance de l�����uvre de Cheikh Anta Diop, et veut contribuer à faire progresser le rencontre entre les sociétés africaines et occidentales. □. Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 à Thieytou, dans le département de Bambey, région de Diourbel (Sénégal). Originaire de Dakar Plateau, Diop Sy fait ses premiers pas en politique en militant au RND (Rassemblement National Démocratique) aux côtés de Cheikh Anta Diop.En 1978, Il adhère au Parti socialiste et participe à tous les combats politiques de Lamine Diack, ancien maire de Dakar et grand ami de son père.Il reste membre actif du parti socialiste jusqu'en 1986 . 21 Dec. 2020 . In some parts of the African diaspora, this movement has led, contrary to Diop’s intellectual convictions, to the development of a cult of personality. Son père, (le Jeune) Massamba Sassoum Diop est décédé peu de temps après sa naissance. He emphasized studies that, in examining the skulls from the pre-dynastic epoch, showed a greater percentage of black characteristics than any other type. L���Université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar organisera pour l���année académique 2020-2021, un amphi commun de rentrée le jeudi 14 janvier 2021 de 09 heures à 12 heures. Contributor to General History of Africa, eight volumes, UNESCO. His argument that ancient Egypt was essentially Negroid and that the origins of Hellenic civilization were to be found in black Africa challenged the prevailing Eurocentric view of the world. Encyclopedia.com. Les fondements culturels, techniques et industriels d’un futur état fédéral d’Afrique noire, Présence Africaine, 1960, revised edition published as Les Fondements economiques et culturels d’un etat federal d’Afrique noire, Présence Africaine, 1974, translation by Harold Salemson published as Black Africa: The Economic and Cultural Basis for a Federated State, Lawrence Hill, 1978, revised with an interview by Carlos Moore, 1987. Diop tried to make clear distinctions between science and belief systems or ideology. He instead believed that the beginnings of civilization arose below the Sahara. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Apart from the Laboratory of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) the IFAN radiocarbon laboratory was the only Carbon 14 dating laboratory existing in Black Africa. Hommage à Cheikh Anta Diop. Diop recognized that anthropological research in the physiology of ancient Egyptians did not provide definitive proof that they were black, but the evidence unearthed in the process did allow sound extrapolation. Darin entwickelte er die Hypothese, dass die alten Ägypter Schwarzafrikaner gewesen seien und dass die von ihnen geschaffene Hochkultur eine originär (schwarz)afrikanische Zivilisation darstelle. “Prior to some infiltrations at the end of the fourth millennium, Whites were absent from Egypt, and it practically remained that way until 1300 B.C.”. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race’s origins and pre-colonial African cul. Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, Cheikh Anta Diop was born at the end of in Diourbel, Senegal, a … Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, Cheikh Anta Diop was born at the end of in Diourbel, Senegal, a … Il est né le 29 décembre 1923 dans le ��� https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/diop-cheikh-anta-1923-1986, Nagel, Rob "Diop, Cheikh Anta 1923–1986 The results, he believed, showed little difference between the two. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race’s origins and pre-colonial African cul. CHEIKH ANTA DIOP. “Few anthropological problems have given rise to so much impassioned discussion,” Mokhtar noted. These include Precolonial Black Africa (trans. 12 oct. politique: biographie par Alfred Largange, bibliographie détaillée, liens. 1966). Diop’s science can be used to actualize a worldview, an ideological position of humanizing the world. Cheikh Anta Diop undertook the creation of a carbon 14 dating laboratory within IFAN. It also contains the results of the first dates obtained from three samples supplied respectively by Théodore Monod, the dating laboratory at Saclay/Gif-sur-Yvette and a British archeological mission in Gambia. Cheikh Anta Diop, an African Scientist: An Axiomatic Overview of His Teachings and Thoughts, ECA Associates, 1984. Diop led and founded two political parties in Senegal: the Bloc des Masses Senegalaises in 1961 and a few years later the Front Nationale Senegalaise, both of which were outlawed by the government on the grounds that they threatened destruction of the existing order. Cheikh Anta Diop a été l���un des penseurs africains les plus influents du XXe siècle. Il adopte un point de vue spécifiquement africain face à la vision de certains auteurs de l'époque selon laquelle les Africains son��� Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. "Diop, Cheikh Anta ." After koranic, followed by primary and secondary French-school studies in Senegal, Cheikh Anta DIOP will be endowed with a double higher training in Human Sciences and in Natural Sciences in Paris, France. Combining an unusual breadth of knowledge— including linguistics, history, anthropology, chemistry, and physics—he uncovered fresh evidence about the ancient origins and common principles of classical African civilization. Two points are central in understanding his conception…, Mphahlele, Es’kia (Ezekiel) 1919– Son père, (le Jeune) Massamba Sassoum Diop est décédé peu de temps après sa naissance. In 1950 Diop was awarded a certificate in general chemistry and another in applied chemistry. Despite the controversy surrounding his theories, Diop’s desire to promote unity among Africans has provided inspiration for others to study and elaborate on his work. Vie politique. . For instance, one of the epistemological bases of his disagreement with Senegalese president Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906–2001), a cofounder of the Négritude movement and a member of the French Academy, was Diop’s view that Senghor was making historical claims about black cultures on the basis of speculation, imagination, and sentiment and not on scientific grounds. Bernal, Martin, Black Athena, Volumes 1 and 2, Rutgers University Press, 1987-91. Cheikh Hamidou Kane, nicknamed "Mathaira," (18 December 1939 - 15 May 2009) was a Senegalese politician and economist who served as a government minister several times during Abdou Diouf's presidency. Grégoire BIYOGO . Paris: Présence Africaine. KEBE Abdoul Aziz, IFAN, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Department of Arabic and islamic studies, Faculty Member. These two were not related, but they were both from the Lebu ethnic group that speaks the Wolof language. Shortly before his death, he spoke of devoting the rest of his life to a master plan that would preserve Africa for Africans. Contemporary Black Biography. Some consider it his greatest work. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. By a notification on April 17, 1963, Theodore Monod formalizes the existence of the radiocarbon dating laboratory (within the Department of Archeology and Prehistory of IFAN)and nominated Cheikh Anta DIOP at its head. Biographie. . Cheikh Anta Diop épouse en 1954 à Paris, une française, Louise Marie Maes, diplômée d���études supérieures en géographie. In 1966 at Dakar the World Festival of Negro Arts honored Diop as "the black intellectual who has exercised the most fruitful influence in the twentieth century." (in French) “Biographie de Birago Diop”, , 21 September XXX;: XX;: ; Point E rue 5 X Birago DIOP en Philosophie et Anthropologie de l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD). “Consequently, no thought, no ideology is, in essence, foreign to Africa, which was their birthplace,” he wrote. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race’s origins and pre-colonial African cul. “Most of the ideas we call foreign are oftentimes nothing but mixed up, reversed, modified, elaborated images of the creations of our African ancestors, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, dialectics, the theory of being, the exact sciences, arithmetic, geometry, mechanical engineering, astronomy, medicine, literature (novel, poetry, drama), architecture, the arts, etc.,” Diop put forth in Civilization or Barbarism. Wakeur Cheikh Balla Thioro, Touba. Par Sandro CAPO CHICHI Les premières années Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 dans le village de Caytu dans Cheikh Anta Diop termine son ouvrage Les fondements économiques et culturels d'un État fédéral d'Afrique noire par quatorze propositions d'actions concrètes allant du domaine de l'éducation à celui de l'industrialisation. Nombre de Sénégalais, particulièrement les étudiants, ignorent la personnalité de Ckeikh Anta Dio��� #biographie. Cheikh Anta Diop, né à Thieytou (Sénégal), vint à à Paris après guerre pour poursuivre des études de sciences et d���histoire. He was never a Marxist or a Pan-Africanist like Ghanaian statesman Kwame Nkrumah (1909–1972), but a nationalist who emphasized the value of historical consciousness as an ideological foundation for building black federalism. Penetrating and controversial, Diop’s theories also challenge the nineteenth-century notion that ancient African cultures were more depraved and uncivilized than their counterparts. Diop passed away in Dakar on February 7, 1986. Van Sertima, Ivan, and Williams, Larry, editors, Great African Thinkers, Volume 1: Cheikh Anta Diop, Transaction Pubs., 1986. Diop argued for a black, African-based Egypt on three major points: the physical anthropology of ancient Egyptians, the nature of Egyptian race according to reports by classical writers, and the linguistic affinity of the language of ancient Egypt with Wolof, a Senegalese dialect. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Diop’s scholarship embodies a defensive epistemology, rejects a myopic determinism, and emphasizes the black cultural renaissance. (December 21, 2020). Tel: 123-456-7890. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. For Diop, learning the true history of Africa, and of the world for that matter, is essentially a scientific endeavor. Son père, (le Jeune) Massamba Sassoum Diop est décédé peu de temps après sa naissance. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Education: Université de Paris, Litt.D., 1960. 12 oct. politique: biographie par Alfred Largange, bibliographie détaillée, liens. He passed away on February 7, 1986. In January 1960, he defended a thesis at the University of Sorbonne on Historical Sociology, a work published in two books by Éditions Présence Africaine: L’Afrique noire précoloniale and L’unité culturelle de l’Afrique noire. Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race���s origins and pre-colonial African cul. Argued That the Earliest Humans Were Black, Focused on Representations of Egyptians in Art. Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, Cheikh Anta Diop was born at the end of in Diourbel, Senegal, a … One of twentieth-century Africa’s most influential scholars, Diop sought to prove not only that ancient Egyptians were descendants of black Africans—that Egypt was a black society—but that the cultural achievements of that society predated and directly influenced the cultures of Greece and Rome, and consequently, modern Western civilization. Paris, le … 1–2. 500 Terry Francois Street, 6th Floor San Francisco, CA 94158 . Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 à Thieytou, dans le département de Bambey, région de Diourbel (Sénégal). Cheikh Anta Diop was an Afrocentric historian, anthropologist, physicist and politician who studied the human race���s origins and pre-colonial African cul. À l`âge de 23 ans, il part pour Paris afin d`étudier la physique et la chimie mais se tourne aussi vers l`histoire et les sciences sociales. In most of his works, he insisted that such a science requires first the utilization of objective methods through which empirical facts can be tested. His scholarship on the reclaiming of black civilization produced an immense body of knowledge on ancient Egyptian civilization. Né à Saint-Louis en 1922, il a perdu son père en 1935, ... Félix Houphouët-Boigny pour la recherche et Abdoulaye Wade et il a été influencé idéologiquement par la pensée Cheikh Anta Diop, Marcus Garvey et l'activité de Parti communiste français. The center of a storm of controversy, Diop nevertheless opened up new paths of exploration, gave a new generation redemptive faith in its roots, and presented, if nothing else, a poetic image of greatness. Diop's argumentative thesis stressed the great contributions of Egypt, in particular, to the origins of culture and science, and asserted that Egyptian civilization was of black origin, a theory that has since been corroborated with anthropological evidence. Nevertheless, it is highly doubtful whether the inhabitants who introduced civilization into the Nile Valley ever belonged to one single, pure race. Cheikh Anta Diop est né le 29 décembre 1923 dans le village de Caytou situé dans la région de Diourbel (en pays Baol-Cayor), près de la ville de Bambey à environ 150 km de Dakar, au Sénégal.. Cheikh Anta Diop was a great Senegalese historian, anthropologist, philosopher, physicist and politician. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, Cheikh Anta Diop was born at the end of in Diourbel, Senegal, a city reknowned for spawning great Islamic philosophers and historians. Il laisse inachevé un travail, publié aux Éditions Présence Africaine sous le titre Nouvelles recherches sur l'égyptien ancien et les langues négro-africaines modernes. L'Afrique est sous la domination coloniale européenne qui a pris le relai de la traite négrière atlantique commencée au 16ème siècle. - Cheikh Anta Diop est un anthropologue, historien et homme politique sénégalais. 1990); and his opus, Civilization or Barbarism (trans. Though usually associated with the intellectual lineage that runs from Cheikh Anta Diop (192…, Raymond A. Winbush Il a mis l'accent sur l'apport de l'Afrique et en particulier de l'Afrique noire à la culture et à la civilisation mondiales. Méconnu par la majorité de ces compatriotes, de par sa personnalité, de par son oeuvre, Cheikh Anta Diop est un Sénégalais, historien, politique, anthropologue et égyptologue.