[76] Nantes saw other large strikes and demonstrations during the May 1968 events, when marches drew about 20,000 people into the streets. Although it was the largest city in Brittany during the Middle Ages, it was smaller than three other north-western towns: Angers, Tours and Caen. [230], The city is the hometown of French New Wave film director Jacques Demy. [65] Businessmen took advantage of local vegetable production and Breton fishing to develop a canning industry during the 1820s,[66] but canning was eclipsed by sugar imported from Réunion in the 1840s and 1850s. French-language songs include "Nantes" by Barbara (1964) and "Nantes" by Renan Luce (2009). The service given needing extra support in the bathroom and being able to arrive around midnight! The local Protestant community did not number more than 1,000, and Nantes was one of the last places to resist the authority of Protestant-raised Henry IV. The climate in Nantes is suitable for growing a variety of plants, from temperate vegetables to exotic trees and flowers imported during the colonial era. During the second half of the 20th century, Nantes expanded south into the communes of Rezé, Vertou and Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire (across the Loire but near the city centre) and north-bank communes including Saint-Herblain, Orvault and Sainte-Luce-sur-Loire. The most spectacular Viking attack in Nantes occurred in 843, when Viking warriors killed the bishop but did not settle in the city at that time. [79], Nantes has been noted in recent years for its climate of social unrest, marked by frequent and often violent clashes between protesters and police. Search for real estate and find the latest listings of Nantes Houses for sale. [226], A path along the Loire river banks, between the Anne-de-Bretagne Bridge and the Victor-Schoelcher footbridge begins the Nantes slavery memorial. View details 1. De plus, les 644 agences immobilières présentes à Nantes sont à votre disposition afin de vous permettre de louer la maison d'exception qui remplira l'ensemble de vos critères de sélection. [210], Le Zénith Nantes Métropole, an indoor arena in Saint-Herblain, has a capacity of 9,000 and is France's largest concert venue outside Paris. Rapport de présentation", "Programme DANK (Dschang, AMAGA, Nantes Métropole, Kindia)", "Le palmarès des territoires champions de l'économie locale", "Record de fréquentation pour la Folle Journée à Nantes", "Reviews of The Life and Science of Léon Foucault. Discord marked the first decades of Breton rule in Nantes as Breton lords fought among themselves, making the city vulnerable to Viking incursions. In Gallo, the oïl language traditionally spoken in the region around Nantes, the city is spelled Naunnt or Nantt and pronounced identically to French, although northern speakers use a long [ɑ̃]. [44] The 15th century is considered Nantes' first golden age. Two of Demy's films were set and shot in Nantes: Lola (1964) and A Room in Town (1982). France 3 Pays de la Loire provides local news and programming for the region. Nantes tradesmen received a tax rebate on Réunion sugar, which was lucrative until disease devastated the cane plantations in 1863. Nostalgic for the pre-revolutionary golden age, the local elite had been suspicious of political and technological progress during the first half of the 19th century. [citation needed], In addition to the university, Nantes has a number of colleges and other institutes of higher education. It disappeared in 1793 with the abolition of French universities. Saint-Nazaire, primarily developed for goods to be transhipped before being sent to Nantes, also built rival shipyards. [17], The Namnete root of the city's name was introduced at the end of the Roman period, when it became known as Portus Namnetum "port of the Namnetes"[18] and civitas Namnetum "city of the Namnetes". The party has held a majority since 1983, and Nantes has become a left-wing stronghold. The main Protestant church belongs to the United Protestant Church of France, but the city also has a number of newer Evangelical and Baptist churches. [99], Nantes has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb)[100][101] influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the old town and all of the Isle of Nantes consist of backfill. Nantes. Built in 1852, its dome was inspired by that of Les Invalides in Paris. [172] Since 2000 Nantes has developed a business district, Euronantes, with 500,000 square metres (5,400,000 square feet) of office space and 10,000 jobs. 44000 - NANTES - CITY CENTER – HAUTS PAVÉS – FAMILY TOWNHOUSE – 290 M2 – 11 ROOMS – GARDEN – ON LAND 482 M2. The 10,700-seat stadium was selected as a venue for the 2017 World Men's Handball Championship. Green space (public and private) makes up 41 percent of Nantes' area. [93] This is the result of 20th-century dredging to make Nantes accessible by large ships; tides were originally much weaker. They include the Chamber of Accounts of Brittany (now the préfecture, 1763–1783); the Graslin Theatre (1788); Place Foch, with its column and statue of Louis XVI (1790), and the stock exchange (1790–1815). Nantes to land Jean Lucas on loan without an option to buy from Lyon. [111], The medieval core has narrow streets and a mixture of half-timbered buildings, more recent sandstone buildings, post-World War II reconstruction and modern redevelopment. These quotes come from across the globe, from all four continents affected by the slave trade, and span over five centuries, from the 17th to the 21st. Opened in 1900, it has an extensive collection ranging from Italian Renaissance paintings to contemporary sculpture. These industries helped maintain port activity and facilitated agriculture, sugar imports, fertilizer production, machinery and metallurgy, which employed 12,000 people in Nantes and its surrounding area in 1914. The black and white crosses are historic symbols of Brittany and France, respectively. Natural areas, an additional 180 hectares (440 acres), include the Petite Amazonie (a Natura 2000 protected forest) and several woods, meadows and marshes. The flag has a white cross on a black one; its quarters have Breton ermines except for the upper left, which has the city's coat of arms. Granite towers on the outside hide delicate tuffeau-stone ornaments on its inner facades, designed in Flamboyant style with Italianate influence. Nantes is home to Millénaire Presse—the largest French publishing house dedicated to professional entertainers—which publishes several magazines, including La Scène. Rivals in the area included the Pictones, who controlled the area south of the Loire in the city of Ratiatum (present-day Rezé) until the end of the second century AD. [222], La Folle Journée (The Mad Day, an alternate title of Pierre Beaumarchais' play The Marriage of Figaro) is a classical music festival held each winter. The LGV Atlantique high-speed railway reaches Paris in two hours, ten minutes (compared with four hours by car). [239] The university is part of the EPSCP Bretagne-Loire Université, which joins seven universities in western France to improve the region's academic and research potential. [99] The Erdre flows through a slate fault. [255] The city has an extensive public-transport network consisting of trams, buses and river shuttles. The Prince de Conti reached France in August 1722, and after further delay the eleven crates of books reached Paris by way of Nantes and Le Havre. [189] Most of the old buildings were made of tuffeau stone (a light, easily sculpted sandstone typical of the Loire Valley) and cheaper schist. [81] Masked rioters have repeatedly ransacked shops, offices and public transport infrastructure. The Erdre includes Versailles Island, which became a Japanese garden during the 1980s. The men's Nantes Erdre Futsal [fr] futsal team plays in the Championnat de France de Futsal, and the main athletics team (Nantes Métropole Athlétisme) includes some of France's best athletes. Although many parts of Brittany experienced significant Breton immigration (loosening ties to Rome), Nantes remained allied with the empire until its collapse in the fifth century. [38] After Charlemagne's death in 814, Breton armies invaded the March and fought the Franks. In return for surrendering its independence, Brittany retained its privileges. [246], Nantes' central railway station is connected by TGV trains to Paris, Lille, Lyon, Marseille and Strasbourg. [233] Turner also made two sketches of the city, which are in collections at Tate Britain. People over age 60 account for 18.7 percent of the city's population (France 24 percent). [219], Estuaire contemporary-art exhibitions were held along the Loire estuary in 2007, 2009 and 2012. It has more than 1.6 million zoological specimens and several thousand mineral samples. Trade-derived wealth permitted the construction of many public monuments during the 18th century, most designed by the neoclassical architects Jean-Baptiste Ceineray and Mathurin Crucy. Although many of the walls were destroyed in the 18th century, some segments (such as Porte Saint-Pierre, built in 1478) survived. In 1961 the university was finally recreated, but Nantes has not established itself as a large university city. They facilitated crossing the river, contributing to the city's growth. [166] The city had several hundred Muslim inhabitants during the 1950s, but (as in the rest of France) their number increased in the second half of the 20th century with the arrival of large numbers of Africans and Turks. Collections include a golden reliquary made for Anne of Brittany's heart, medieval statues and timber frames, coins, weapons, jewellery, manuscripts and archaeological finds. The administrative region of Brittany did not exist during the 19th and early 20th centuries, although its cultural heritage remained. La catégorie des maisons représente 20,29 % des habitations, un élément d'importance à souligner. Until the beginning of the 13th century, it was the subject of succession crises which saw the town pass several times from the Dukes of Brittany to the counts of Anjou (of the House of Plantagenet). [237], Local fishing ports such as La Turballe and Le Croisic mainly offer shrimp and sardines, and eels, lampreys, zander and northern pike are caught in the Loire. Their primary countries of origin were Algeria (13.9 percent), Morocco (11.4 percent) and Tunisia (5.8 percent). During the 17th century, after the establishment of the French colonial empire, Nantes gradually became the largest port in France and was responsible for nearly half of the 18th-century French Atlantic slave trade. [69] Reacting to the growth of the rival port, Nantes built a 15 kilometres (9.3 miles)-long canal parallel to the Loire to remain accessible to large ships. [91][107], Nantes' layout is typical of French towns and cities. Owned by the city council, it is used for contemporary-art exhibitions. [137] In a 2014 poll, 67 percent of Breton people and 77 percent of Loire-Atlantique residents favoured reunification. [115] The northern outskirts of the city, along the Erdre, include the main campus of the University of Nantes and other institutes of higher education. [259], The local press is dominated by the Ouest-France group, which owns the area's two major newspapers: Ouest-France and Presse-Océan. [26] After about 1,000 years of trading, local industry appeared around 900 BC; remnants of smithies dated to the eighth and seventh centuries BC have been found in the city. [196] The Counter-Reformation inspired two baroque churches: the 1655 Oratory Chapel and Sainte-Croix Church, rebuilt in 1670. The Graslin Theatre, built in 1788, is home to the Angers-Nantes Opéra. [263] The city is also home to Télénantes, a local, private television channel founded in 2004. Le feu embrase aussi l'Ouest - Mai 68 en Bretagne", "Nantes Durban Sister City Agreement. ... Stade de Reims 18 ... Pochettino has a lot of work to do at PSG. [238] The university had about 30,000 students during the 2013–2014 academic year, and the metropolitan area had a total student population of 53,000. Nantes is where one of these ridges, the Sillon de Bretagne, meets the Loire. [70], At the beginning of the 20th century, the river channels flowing through Nantes were increasingly perceived as hampering the city's comfort and economic development. [125] Nantes Métropole, created in 1999, is administered by a council consisting of the 97 members of the local municipal councils. [28] During the Gaulish period it was the capital of the Namnetes people, who were allied with the Veneti[29] in a territory extending to the northern bank of the Loire. The Ouest-France group is also a shareholder of the French edition of 20 Minutes, one of two free newspapers distributed in the city. [243] The Erdre has a marina and a centre for rowing, sailing and canoeing, and the city has six swimming pools. The Nantes tramway has three lines and a total of 43.5 kilometres (27.0 miles) of track. It is the residence of a région and département prefect, local representatives of the French government. [128], Nantes and the Loire-Atlantique département were part of the historic province of Brittany, and the city and Rennes were its traditional capitals. Institutions and facilities (such as its airport) were re-branded as "Nantes Atlantique" to highlight this proximity. Pays de la Loire officials favour a union of Brittany with the Pays de la Loire, but Breton politicians oppose the incorporation of their region into a Greater West region. [88] It is an architectural junction; northern French houses with slate roofs are north of the Loire, and Mediterranean dwellings with low terracotta roofs dominate the south bank. The HAB Galerie, located in a former banana warehouse on the Loire, is Nantes' largest art gallery. The new region was called Pays de la Loire ("Loire Countries") although it does not include most of the Loire Valley. Nantes' first mosque was built in 1976, with three more built in 2010–2012. It was the seat of a bishopric at the end of the Roman era before it was conquered by the Bretons in 851. [165] Nantes had a small Jewish community during the Middle Ages, but Jews were expelled from Brittany in 1240 and Judaism only reappeared after the French Revolution. [155], Nantes had 298,029 inhabitants in 2016, the largest population in its history. Neither realestate.com.au nor its affiliates guarantee that the conversion reflects current conversion rates and are not responsible for any inaccuracies. Under Charlemagne in the eighth century the town was the capital of the Breton March, a buffer zone protecting the Carolingian Empire from Breton invasion. [195] The Psallette, built next to the cathedral about 1500, is a late-Gothic mansion. Résidence CROUS à Nantes, la résidence Les Landes est située à proximité des transports et des campus universitaires. The Loire in Nantes now has only two branches, one on either side of the Isle of Nantes. [262], Nantes is the headquarters of France 3 Pays de la Loire, one of 24 local stations of the France Télévisions national public broadcaster. The slave trade nearly disappeared because of the abolition of slavery and the independence of Saint-Domingue, and Napoleon's Continental Blockade decimated trade with other European countries. [217], The Royal de Luxe street theatre company moved to Nantes in 1989, and has produced a number of shows in the city. A municipal belfry clock (originally on a tower of Bouffay Castle, a prison demolished after the French Revolution) was added to the church in 1860. The path and surrounding 1.73-acre park lead to the under-the-docks part of the memorial which opens with a staircase, leading visitors underground closer to the water level of the river, which can be seen through the gaps between the support pillars. [157] The poorest council estates had unemployment rates of 22 to 47 percent. [27], Its history from the seventh century to the Roman conquest in the first century BC is poorly documented, and there is no evidence of a city in the area before the reign of Tiberius in the first century AD. This was lower than in nearby Rennes (64,000), and Nantes is the ninth-largest commune in France in its percentage of students. [257], Nantes has also developed a tram-train system, the Nantes tram-train, which would allow suburban trains to run on tram lines; the system already exists in Mulhouse (in eastern France) and Karlsruhe, Germany. [36] Around 490, the Franks under Clovis I captured the city (alongside eastern Brittany) from the Visigoths after a sixty-day siege;[37] it was used as a stronghold against the Bretons. It is built in the covered buildings of the former shipyards that were at one time used for ship construction. Begun in 1207, many of its current buildings date to the 15th century. Land About 204,516.00 sq ft NANTES, Pays de la Loire, Address available on request . The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 12 min, while 16.8% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. [260] The city publishes a free monthly magazine, Nantes Passion, and five other free magazines for specific areas: Couleur locale (Les Dervallières), Ecrit de Bellevue, Malakocktail (Malakoff) Mosaïques (Nantes-Nord) and Zest for the eastern neighbourhoods. [44] During the mid-17th century, the siltation of local salterns and a fall in wine exports compelled Nantes to find other activities. The city was captured by Nazi Germany on 18 June 1940, during the Battle of France. [20], Nantes is pronounced [nɑ̃t], and the city's inhabitants are known as Nantais [nɑ̃tɛ]. Most of the islands were protected with levees during the modern era, and they disappeared in the 1920s and 1930s when the smallest waterways were filled in. Under Ayrault's administration, Nantes used its quality of life to attract service firms. [205], The Dobrée Museum, closed for repairs as of 2017[update], houses the département's archaeological and decorative-arts collections. 9, Rue Marcel Sembat 44000 Nantes Bellevue - Chantenay - Sainte-Anne 02 40 69 13 28. Vous maitrisez le BIM. [127], Before the revolution, Nantes' motto was "Oculi omnium in te sperant, Domine" ("The eyes of all wait upon thee, O Lord", a line from a grace). Summers are warm, with an average temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5 km, while 2% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. The news agency Médias Côte Ouest publishes Wik and Kostar, two free magazines dedicated to local cultural life. When the channels of the Loire were filled, the Erdre was diverted in central Nantes and its confluence with the Loire was moved further east. [250] Air traffic has increased from 2.6 million passengers in 2009 to 4.1 million in 2014, while its capacity has been estimated at 3.5 million passengers per year. Nantes began to grow when Ratiatum collapsed after the Germanic invasions. [13], Its first recorded name was by the Greek writer Ptolemy, who referred to the settlement as Κονδηούινκον (Kondēoúinkon) and Κονδιούινκον (Kondioúinkon)[A]—which might be read as Κονδηούικον (Kondēoúikon)—in his treatise, Geography. Vous avez déjà fait de la coordination architecturale sur des grands projets de bâtiments. They are remembered as "the 50 hostages" because the Germans initially planned to kill 50 people. [94][95][96], The city is at the confluence of two tributaries. The second-largest venue is the Hall XXL, an exhibition hall on the Stade de la Beaujoire grounds. The first governor of the Breton March was Roland, whose feats were mythologized in the body of literature known as the Matter of France. La Fabrique, a cultural entity managed by the city, has three sites which include music studios and concert venues. "Dans les prisons de Nantes" is the most popular, with versions recorded by Édith Piaf, Georges Brassens, Tri Yann and Nolwenn Leroy. [44] It was the last French port to conduct the illegal Atlantic trade, continuing it until about 1827. Since then, the city has supported its six bilingual schools and introduced bilingual signage. [234], During the 19th century Nantes-born gastronome Charles Monselet praised the "special character" of the local "plebeian" cuisine, which included buckwheat crepes, caillebotte fermented milk and fouace brioche. [236], The University of Nantes was first founded in 1460 by Francis II, Duke of Brittany, but it failed to become a large institution during the Ancien Régime. EUR €900,000 . [141], Nantes has made nine international sister-city arrangements since 1964.